23WASYLCIW

Canada’s Evolving Crown: From a British Crown to a “Crown of Maples”

SCOTT NICHOLAS ROMANIUK

University of Trento and

JOSHUA K. WASYLCIW

University of Calgary

Abstract

This article examines how instruments have changed the Crown of Canada from 1867 through to the present, how this change has been effected, and the extent to which the Canadian Crown is distinct from the British Crown. The main part of this article focuses on the manner in which law, politics, and policy (both Canadian and non-Canadian) have evolved a British Imperial institution since the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed nearly 150 years ago through to a nation uniquely Canadian as it exists today. The evolution of the Canadian Crown has taken place through approximately fifteen discrete events since the time of Canadian confederation on July 1, 1867. These fifteen events are loosely categorized into three discrete periods: The Imperial Crown (1867-1930), A Shared Crown (1931-1981), and The Canadian Crown (1982-present).

Keywords: Imperial, the London Conference, the Nickle Resolution, the British North America Act, Queen Victoria, Sovereignty, the Statute of Westminster

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